Особенности физического развития глубоконедоношенных детей

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Аннотация

Обзор литературы посвящен особенностям физического развития недоношенных детей с массой тела при рождении менее 1500 г. Описаны закономерности прироста основных показателей физического развития (массы и длины тела, окружности головы) с момента рождения и на протяжении всего первого года жизни. Показано влияние генетических факторов, особенностей течения неонатального периода, сопутствующей патологии, различных видов вскармливания на темпы прироста показателей физического развития. Подчеркнута роль раннего начала энтерального питания, длительного применения обогащенного питания у недоношенных маловесных детей с целью коррекции энергетического дефицита, возникающего в связи с преждевременным рождением. Описана взаимосвязь отдаленных исходов физического и психомоторного развития у недоношенных маловесных детей.


Об авторах

Г. А. Алямовская
ОСП им. Н.И. Пирогова «Научно-исследовательский клинический институт педиатрии» ГБОУВПО РНИМУ, Москва
Россия
Алямовская Галина Александровна — врач-педиатр отделения раннего возраста Центра коррекции развития детей раннего возраста Научно-исследовательского клинического института педиатрии


Е. С. Кешишян
ОСП им. Н.И. Пирогова «Научно-исследовательский клинический институт педиатрии» ГБОУВПО РНИМУ, Москва
Россия

д.м.н., проф., руководитель указанного Центра



Е. С. Сахарова
ОСП им. Н.И. Пирогова «Научно-исследовательский клинический институт педиатрии» ГБОУВПО РНИМУ, Москва
Россия

Сахарова Елена Станиславовна — к.м.н., врач-педиатр указанного Центра 125412 Москва, ул. Талдомская, д. 2



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Дополнительные файлы

Для цитирования: Алямовская Г.А., Кешишян Е.С., Сахарова Е.С. Особенности физического развития глубоконедоношенных детей. Российский вестник перинатологии и педиатрии. 2015;60(4):11-18.

For citation: Alyamovskaya G.A., Keshishian E.S., Sakharova E.S. Specific features of physical development in extremely premature infants. Rossiyskiy Vestnik Perinatologii i Pediatrii (Russian Bulletin of Perinatology and Pediatrics). 2015;60(4):11-18. (In Russ.)

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