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Эмоциональные расстройства и расстройства поведения у детей, связанные с нарушениями сна

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Аннотация

Рассматривается возможная связь нарушений сна у детей и подростков с эмоциональными расстройствами и расстройствами поведения. Приводятся данные о связи нарушений продолжительности и целостности сна с повышенной эмоциональной реактивностью и лабильностью, высоким уровнем тревоги, симптомами депрессии. Обсуждается связь клинической симптоматики синдрома дефицита внимания и гиперактивности, агрессивности, низкой успеваемости с нарушениями сна, в том числе на фоне расстройств дыхания во время сна, синдромов беспокойных ног и периодического движения конечностей. Приводятся данные о характерных полисомнографических изменениях, выявляемых на фоне обсуждаемых эмоциональных и поведенческих расстройств у детей. Дается возможное патофизиологическое обоснование выявленных ассоциаций. Обосновываются практические рекомендации по обследованию детей с жалобами на эмоциональные и поведенческие расстройства на предмет возможных сопутствующих нарушений сна. 

Об авторе

И. А. Кельмансон
Институт специальной педагогики и психологии Международного университета семьи и ребенка им. Рауля Валленберга, Санкт-Петербург
Россия

д.м.н., проф. каф. клинической психологии



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Для цитирования:


Кельмансон И.А. Эмоциональные расстройства и расстройства поведения у детей, связанные с нарушениями сна. Российский вестник перинатологии и педиатрии. 2014;59(4):32-40.

For citation:


Kelmanson I.A. Emotional and behavioral problems associated with sleep disorders in children. Rossiyskiy Vestnik Perinatologii i Pediatrii (Russian Bulletin of Perinatology and Pediatrics). 2014;59(4):32-40. (In Russ.)

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